The Gulf War, codenamed Operation Desert Shield for operations leading to the buildup of troops and defense of Saudi Arabia and Operation Desert Storm in its combat phase, was a war waged by coalition forces from 35 nations led by the United States against Iraq in response to Iraq’s invasion and annexation of Kuwait.
The war is also known under other names, such as the Persian Gulf War, First Gulf War, Gulf War I, Kuwait War, First Iraq War, or Iraq War before the term “Iraq War” became identified instead with the 2003 Iraq War (also referred to in the US as “Operation Iraqi Freedom”). The Iraqi Army’s occupation of Kuwait that began 2 August 1990 was met with international condemnation, and brought immediate economic sanctions against Iraq by members of the UN Security Council. US President George H. W. Bush deployed US forces into Saudi Arabia, and urged other countries to send their own forces to the scene. An array of nations joined the coalition, the largest military alliance since World War II. The great majority of the coalition’s military forces were from the US, with Saudi Arabia, the United Kingdom, and Egypt as leading contributors, in that order. Kuwait and Saudi Arabia paid around US$32 billion of the US$60 billion cost.
Persian Gulf War Time Period: Invasion of Kuwait 2–4 August 1990; Operation Desert Storm
17 January – 28 February 1991 (1 month, 1 week and 4 days)
Persian Gulf War Locations: Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Israel and Persian Gulf
The Persian Gulf War (Desert Shield/Storm) period’s Veteran’s Organizations and Patriotic Societies
AVSOPS : Organization Indexing Que
National Gulf War Resource Center
The Army Reserve Association
Marine Corps – Law Enforcement Foundation, Inc.
National Desert Storm War Memorial
The Navy SEAL Foundation
The Persian Gulf